Etiology: Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV) is an enveloped arenavirus (RNA virus).
Transmission: Transmission to humans occurs by direct contact with infected animals. The virus is continually shed by mice in urine, saliva and milk.
Public Health Significance: The centers for disease control (CDC) reports human LCMV infections [1, 2].
1. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus From Pet Rodents. National Center For Infectious Disease Healthy Pets Healthy People 2012 July 28, 2010 [cited 2012 June 14, 2012]; Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/dispages/lcmv/owners.htm.
2. Barton, L.L., M.B. Mets, and C.L. Beauchamp, Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: emerging fetal teratogen. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2002. 187(6): p. 1715-6.