Etiology: Salmonella are Gram-negative, toxin-producing, invasive, enteric bacteria. The most common serotype of Salmonella enterica to infect mice is serovar Typhimurium.
Transmission: The disease is spread by fecal-oral transmission.
Public Health Significance: Salmonella can be transmitted by ingestion of feces, which can occur by eating contaminated foods or having contact with animals or their environments . Children or immunocompromised adults may experience more severe disease. The disease in humans is reportable.
3. Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella typhimurium associated with rodents purchased at retail pet stores–United States, December 2003-October 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 2005. 54(17): p. 429-33.